My Project: Wired House for Ethernet Cat 6

Last year I completed a project in my house to wire most of it with cat 6 Ethernet cable. See how I did it with lots of pictures.

Before we get started: I want to direct you to my photos on Imgur. I’ve got 68 pictures that show the process all the way through. Too many to post here.

Why Wire the House with Ethernet?

The initial driver was Google Fiber was supposed to be coming to my community. While it did come it didn’t for some reason make it to my local neighborhood. All is well though because AT&T is now digging in my yard to lay underground fiber cable. In addition I also wanted to lighten the burden on WiFi. I have at last count 22 different internet connected devices in the house. That’s a lot to run through wireless connections.

When it comes to reliability, speed, and security nothing beats wired connections. I cannot wire everything but the more I can hook up the better it will be.

Blueprint

Disclaimer: I am not very handy around the house. I’m a software engineer – most things hardware related or mechanical puzzle me.

Good thing my wife is and was able to help me. You really need someone else to help because it is difficult to run through floors by yourself.

Pro Tip: this is not a 1 man job. You need at least 1 more person to help you.

Tools Needed

I’ve lived in apartments most of my adult life. A few years ago I became a home owner. Therefore I had to buy many tools for various tasks. I needed to buy most of the tools I used in this project. Ignore the hammer, gloves, rope, and crowbar.

Tools for ethernet wiring project

Tools for ethernet wiring project

Tools for ethernet house wiring project

The key tools used were:

  • drywall saw
  • spade bit drill bits
  • fiberglass wire running kit
  • fish tape
  • drill
  • stud finder
  • utility knife
  • level
  • black electric tape
  • punch-down tool

Materials Needed

Tools and materials for ethernet wiring project

Pictured here (top to bottom, left to right) are:

  • keystone jacks
  • 2 outlet wall plates
  • 4 outlet wall plates
  • Velcro cable ties
  • pipe insulation
  • grommet
  • single and double gang mounting brackets
  • punch-down tool
  • crimper
  • the thingy that holds the keystone jack while i punch down the individual Ethernet wires

Shorty 3 foot Ethernet cables. These are for connecting to the patch panel I will install to the 24 port switch I already have. Decided it would be better to buy rather than make from my bulk supply.

Decided to go with Category 6 Ethernet cable. This isn’t cheap but I still oped for 1,000 feet over 500. That turned out to be a good decision.

Installed this patch panel right by the Ethernet 1,000 foot box. This is where my network equipment will live. All of the connections will be tied into the patch panel – the other end of the cable into whatever outlet I’m sending it to.

A project within a project – also decided to run wires behind the TV I have mounted to the wall. I want to minimize the wires hanging so I got these to do the job. This was a good opportunity to take this on because we had to move the TV anyway.

Costs Breakdown

This is approximately what it cost to gather the tools (those I didn’t have) and materials. Your costs will vary depending on the tools you already possess. Most items I purchased off Amazon, Harbor Freight, and Monoprice.

Cost breakdown spreadsheet

Implementation Step By Step

I am running cables through 3 floors to various rooms. The source will be on the 3rd floor attic where my networking equipment lives. From there it will be run over behind the walls into the unfinished part of the attic and dropped to the 2nd floor. Then it drops again into the garage (easier to work with). I can then run it under my house in the crawl space and come up in the 1st floor.

I had very little Ethernet cable left when I finished. Glad I didn’t get 500 feet instead.

Attic

All of the work began at the top in the attic. From there everything would be dropped down.

The patch panel was mounted first. Installed this patch panel right by the Ethernet 1,000 foot box. This is where my network equipment will live. All of the connections will be tied into the patch panel – the other end of the cable into whatever outlet I’m sending it to.

Jumping ahead – this is what it looks like once all the cables are run before we terminate into the patch panel. This is my makeshift networking area until I get a stand for it. I’ve got a cable modem, wireless AC router, 24 port switch, all plugged into an APC battery backup. Yes – I will have internet even when the power goes out!

Grommet with insulation

This is the other side of the wall. The insulation stuff nicely and the hole is more than big enough for all the cables.

See beyond the hot water tank? That’s where the cables need to go. Not fun and not easy to take pictures. Fortunately my wife fit easier through there and was able to pull and drop cables I fed her.

Tidy Ethernet cables in attic

Jumping ahead – after all the wires were run I tidied up a bit. I didn’t do this until the end because I wanted to be sure there was enough wiggle room for all cables.

Outlets were installed for 2 rooms in the attic. I don’t have many pictures of them.

2nd Floor

Here is the drop from the 3rd floor attic down to the 2nd floor. I had to remove a big chunk of drywall to get at it because I needed to fit my arm in there to use the drill. Space was very limited in the attic so the hole had to be drilled here. A fiberglass pole is shown through the hold.

Drilling through floorboards is tough. I used 1 inch spade bits for my drill to make the holes. It was a lot harder than I thought to drill through floors. Since I was standing on a small ladder and looking up there was sawdust coming down on to my sweaty face the whole time. Good times…

Had to run all the way down the wall. Pulling through insulation was not fun at all.

I made a mistake (hole on right) and misjudged where a stud was and had to drill another hold. It also had to be big so I could cram my arm down there to drill through the floor boards. This part was not easy.

The is the drop for the 2nd floor. My home entertainment center is in the family room. I’ve got an old Mac Mini being used as a HTPC (home theatre PC) that I definitely want to wire. You can see the outlet I made right below the mounting piece. Behind the cloth and resting cat is a small stand where the other end comes under. It ends up being a much cleaner look when done. The mounted TV will hide the wires.

Cat is hard at work…

The hole I drilled from the 2nd floor to the attic was not big enough for all the Ethernet cables. I had to drill another one.

Drilling holes in the floor board of the 2nd floor to drop into the garage. I don’t know what happened but the first hole I tried to drill (left) was a dud and I could not get the bit all the way through. I moved over and drilled another one.

Garage

View of the garage where the drop from the 2nd floor comes. I used a ladder to climb on top of the freezer and drill holes. You can see the existing coaxial run over and down. This is the path all the 1st floor wires would take.

Drilled another kinda-circular hole for a grommet. Same thing as the attic – add insulation when done.

First Floor

Invaluable! Drywall saw. Draw and score drywall for cutting then make the hole.

Mounting bracket going on. Pencil marks can be erased. We painted this room afterwards anyway.

Finished Goods

It felt good finishing this project. Here are some finished pictures.

The end result of one end of the wiring.

Wall plate with 4 Ethernet ports

The finished connection looks clean and sweet! I have a spreadsheet tracking the cable numbers so I know where every wire goes. I chose not to put labels on the wall plates for that purpose.

Cleanup

By now you might have noticed I put some big holes in my walls. Don’t worry – I patched them up.

I bought a single square sheet of drywall and used it to cut the sizes I needed. I measured, cut, shaved sides, and then put the mounting bracket in it before attaching to the wall.

Finished top piece. We plan on painting so not a big deal right now.

Next is to connect keystone jacks to the wires and put a wall plate on. The excess Ethernet cables can be shoved back into the wall. Always err on the side of giving yourself too much cable.

Bloopers and Missteps

I broke a flexible drill. It was way harder to drill through floors than I thought. To be fair I purchased a cheap one and it got stuck then broke in a footer.

Bare Wire

During the fishing and pulling some cables were worn bare. Unfortunately we bound cables together with plastic cable ties. When we pulled them through holes this is what happened.

Pro Tip: if you ever need to fish wires please do not attach the plastic cable ties. They are hard to fit through holes and will damage your cables.

torn insulation on cat 6 ethernet cable

A couple new wires had to be run to replace these bad ones. The bad cables needed to be removed too.

Plastic Cable Ties

During the planning phase I thought these plastic cable ties would be perfect for bundling together multiple ethernet cables. I was wrong – big time. Do you see the little square that connects the plastic tie? That caused some trouble and more work. I ended up using Velcro cable ties which worked much better. Also black electric tape – lots of that.

Cable tie

Tags on Cable

During the planning I knew I needed a way to tell which wire was which. When you run through floors and deep into an attic it isn’t easy to check by hand. I decided to use cable labels to write down which line each was. I assigned each a number 1-n.

Cable labels

The problem was that during the pulls some labels would fall off. Fortunately enough of the cables running to an outlet were there to figure out what the missing ones actually were.

Was Wiring the House Worth It?

Yes. I don’t recall what my speeds were with WiFi but this is much better. Netflix buffering? Nope. Dropped connections / packets? Reduced. Speed? Faster.

Internet speed test post wiring project

Check out all 68 pictures I took on Imgur.Thanks for reading!

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    • A patch panel isn’t necessary but does help to create a clean and easy way to manage your ports. You won’t have to crimp and put the RJ45 connectors on – just punch down into the patch panel. It can give you more organization and control. Optional but I like it.

      • Hey nice you shared all the details with pictures but just 1 thing; you have more than enough room there to install a small wall mount rack and move all the gear there to make it look and organized even better.

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